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by Derek A Rush (Submitted: 06/04/2009)

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Download CopyingAndAssociating-2
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"COPYING and ASSOCIATING -2" continues exploring the extent to which the procedures of copying and associating may be in use in the brain of a creature. It illustrates how a cryptic crossword puzzle might be solved using words that have been COPIED into a memory with some regard taken for their ASSOCIATION, so that answer words and clue words are likely to be reasonably close together. As ever in these models the creature is considered to be motivated by the emotion resulting from perceiving when partaking in the activity. Further it assumes that the two or three associated parts of a solution to a clue are together in close proximity. It is considered that this parallel working, where it exists in creatures, could be responsible for outstanding development, for example, speech and language in humans. It is possible to comprehend parallel working as a means to selecting and assembling words for fast talking.

The model uses a limited memory containing the clue words and sufficient associated words for the demonstration.
To solve the puzzle the first requirement is to examine the several clue words or phrases with their associations, and from these assemble an answer word of the required length that is associated with a clue word because it is near to it in memory. The second is a check that shared letters agree. Finally, to update the memory the answer word should be more closely associated by being moved closer to a clue word. THE PROCEDURES SPECIFIC TO THE SUBJECT ARE SMALL, most of the model is taken up with display and preparation for display. The model is given a degree of realism because the urge to solve changes with degree of success in completing the solution and for this purpose emotion and motivation are displayed.

Answering YES at STARTUP brings the model to a state of readiness to run.
The button SOLVE PUZZLE 1 runs that solution.
The button RESET DISPLAY clears the crossword display but leaves the record of the
solution along with the plot of emotion and motivation.
The button SOLVE PUZZLE 2 runs that solution.
The button CLEAR ALL clears all displays ready to run again.


(Previous and relevant NetLogo Models by the author were EMOTION & MOTIVATION, LEARNING & CREATIVITY and COPYING & ASSOCIATING-1)
FR. 1 The Expression Of The Emotions In Man and Animals by Charles Darwin.1872.
FR. 2 The Living Brain by W.Grey Walter. Duckworth, London, 1953.
FR. 3 Mapping The Mind by Rita Carter. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1998.
FR. 4 Emotional Intelligence, Daniel Goleman. Bloomsbury Publishing, London, 1996.
FR. 5 The Emotional Brain, Joseph LeDoux. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1998.
FR. 6 Phantoms In The Brain-Human Nature And The Architecture Of The Mind by V.S.Ramachandran and Sandra Blakeslee. Fourth Estate, London 1998.
FR. 7 The Human Computer by Mark Jeffery. Little, Brown and Company, London, 1999.
FR. 8 Consciousness-How Matter Becomes Imagination by Gerald M. Edelman and G.Tononi. Penguin London, 2000.(In the USA as A Universe of Consciousness. Perseus.)
FR. 9 How The Mind Works by Steven Pinker. Penguin, London.(Also in the USA, W.W.Norton 1997)
FR.10 An Anatomy of Thought, The origin and machinery of the mind by Ian Glynn. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1999.
FR.11 Unweaving the Rainbow by Richard Dawkins. Penguin Press Science, 1999.
FR.12 The Private Life Of The Brain by Susan Greenfield. Penguin, 2000.

Derek Rush May 2009.

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