NetLogo User Community Models
## WHAT IS IT?
When a disaster event strikes, people will be affected according to their exposure, vulnerability and coping capacity. As the time passes by, people will recover and continue to normal routine, However, the path to recovery is difficult and to speed-up the recovery, government and humanitarian organizations provide relief support. For efficient and effective relief works, information about the affected community is important. This model is designed to use as a learning resources on Disaster Management, particularly on response management, particularly to highlight the importance of Needs assessments.
This model is intended to play in training environment, where the participants will play with the model, with an objectives of minimizing the total cost of humanitarian action (humanitarian and financial cost)
## HOW IT WORKS
This model places you as the key authority who manages the response, stationed at the Emergency Operations Center (EOC). When a disaster strikes, you have four options:
1. Do nothing. Just watch, peoples are resilient and find their own way towards recovery.
Each of the decisions have costs associated with them. The first type cost is humanitarian cost, which means, the cost of people being affected. Each day for a people with high, medium and low disaster impact will cost you 3, 2, and 1 unit (whatever currency you would like to call it either $, €, £, Rs. or any other) respectively. The second type of cost is financial cost, which will add-up when you make any decision (cost of each unit of relief item, cost for sending assessment team and asking for an update.
## HOW TO USE IT
#### Setup Variables:
The POPULATION slider determines how many people to create for the simulation.
The DAYSTORUN slider is the total time period for the model to run. It will stop after that time.
The model has four variables, which determine the behaviour of disaster affect and recovery:
EXPOSURE: Exposure to hazards (1 to 10)
VULNERABILITY: Disaster Vulnerability of the people (1 to 10)
COPING CAPACITY: Capacity to cope with disaster (1 to 10)
BASERECOVERYPERIOD: A period, which will take a person to recover form disaster affect, in optimum condition.
#### Location and Events:
TargetDistirct and Municipality: Names of the target district and municipality.
COST PER UNIT: Variables as a unit rate to calculate total costs.
### HOW TO PLAY:
After the simulation, you may review how your decisions impacted the people’s conditions.
## THINGS TO NOTICE
Please see, if there is any impact of Relief support to the recovery. Similarly, the timing of the relief has any impact or not.
Does Relief support with assessment or without assessment has any impact?
## THINGS TO TRY
Try changing setup variables, particularly CopingCapacity and vulnerability and see if there is any changes in the recovery process.
Try sending relief with or without assessment in different wards, and see whether there are any differences in behaviours.
## EXTENDING THE MODEL
You may add additional features such as aftershocks or secondary hazards at different timings and see how the model behaves.
## NETLOGO FEATURES
This model uses Random-Poisson distribution to allocate variable units for copingcapacities, exposures and vulnerability.
## RELATED MODELS
## CREDITS AND REFERENCES
(back to the NetLogo User Community Models)